There’s nothing worse than waking up in the morning and heading downstairs, only to find that your freezer door has been left ajar. But, what happens if you leave the freezer door open overnight? Will the food in there be ok?
How Long Can You Leave the Freezer Door Open?
You can leave your freezer door open for around 2 hours without the contents or the freezer itself being negatively impacted. Longer than this, and you’ll need to discard the contents, unfortunately.
What are the Problems With Leaving the Freezer Open?
Unfortunately, if you leave your freezer door open all night long then there are a few issues you ought to be aware of:
The most apparent problem with leaving the freezer door open is that the food inside will begin to defrost. If it defrosts and then sits in that state for an extended period of time then there is a chance that it will begin to harbour bacteria.
This is especially problematic with meat, fish and dairy products but can be an issue for all food types – especially those that you would normally not refreeze.
As soon as you notice that the freezer door has been left open, quickly inspect the contents and determine if it is still chilled and slightly frozen or not. If it is then there is a chance you can salvage it. If the food is still chilled, close the door and keep it closed for 24 hours.
If you have any doubts or if you spot any form of mould or bacteria growing then, unfortunately, all is lost and it’s time to start throwing it out.
Food going off is a fairly obvious issue. It’s the one you’re likely to think about first. But what you might not have considered is that leaving your freezer open for an extended period of time can actually impact the freezer itself.
If you leave the door open, your freezer has to work hard to keep the temperature down. Obviously, as a machine, it doesn’t know that it’s fighting a losing battle. As it continues to cool the inside down, the cold air is instantly escaping. This can cause overheating.
This isn’t helped by the fact that the coils can get covered in ice crystals caused by moisture getting into your freezer. As the coils get covered in ice, they become less and less efficient meaning the machine has to work harder to cool.
If you want more information on how a freezer works then check out this guide.
What Happens If You Leave the Freezer Door Open for 2 Hours?
Fortunately, if you leave the freezer door open for around 2 hours, the contents and the freezer itself should be fine.
If you find that the door has been open for 2 hours or less then you need to close the door as soon as possible and then leave the freezer shut for 24 hours – regardless of whether or not you’re desperate for ice cream!
What Happens If You Leave the Freezer Door Open for 12 Hours?
At 12 hours, you’ll find that a large level of frost forms across the freezer and the food inside. Most of the food towards the front of the freezer will have defrosted. If it is meat, fish or dairy-based then it must be thrown out immediately.
Some fruit, vegetables and herbs will remain safe to eat but their texture will change drastically at this point.
What Happens If You Leave the Freezer Door Open for 24 Hours?
Leaving the freezer door open for 24 hours is when things can really start to go wrong. The freezer will be working overdrive to try to keep the freezer cool but the warm air will win this fight. This can lead to the motor burning out.
If you freezer manages to survive then you’ll still want to throw most of the thawed food out at this point.
What Happens If You Leave the Freezer Door Open for 4 Days?
At 4 days, all will be lost. Even the most robust ingredients that can be frozen over and over will not survive being left in an open fridge for 4 days.
The moment the freezer has been left open for beyond 24 hours, it becomes a case of throwing all the food out, unfortunately. Even though a few vegetables and fruits might be safe to eat, they will be completely mushy and enjoyable to consume.
This is, unfortunately, the case even if you only left the freezer door open a crack. If the contents are defrosting and have been left like that for multiple days then it’s bad news all round!
How Long Does a Freezer Take to Get Cold After Being Left Open?
This depends on how long the door was left open and how much the temperature has risen. It can take anywhere from a few hours to a whole 24-hour period for a freezer to get cold again.
If your freezer has a temperature monitor then you want to wait until this drop to around -18C or 0F.
Is Food OK If the Freezer Is Left Open?
When it comes to food and how safe it now is after leaving the freezer open, we would always recommend erring on the side of caution – especially for meat and fish products.
The cold temperature of a freezer helps to preserve food whilst keeping away bacteria and mould. As soon as the temperature begins to rise, bacteria can begin to form on the surface of your food. If your freezer has been open overnight, for several hours, then there is a huge risk bacteria has already formed.
You could go through each item of food to try and determine if mould has begun to form but, in most cases, it’s worth discarding items such as meat, fish and dairy products.
Ice creams, some fruits and vegetables, bread and sugar-based items should remain OK to eat if you get them refrozen as soon as possible. Generally speaking, foods that you can refreeze normally will be OK if you have left the freezer open overnight.
If you still find yourself with questions about what to do if you’ve left your freezer open overnight then these might help you out:
Yes, leaving the freezer door open can cause long-term damage to the freezer components, especially the coils. As warm air enters, ice crystals form on the coils meaning they have to work harder to cool the temperature down.
Yes, leaving the freezer door open will use up electricity. If the door is open, cool air from inside will escape and warm air from outside will enter. Your freezer then has to work harder to get the temperature back down which will use more power.
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